Birch Tree

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Birch.jpg (26188 bytes)                            

Stop 6 on trail 1                           A mature Birch tree



Birch fruit.jpg (22070 bytes)


The fruit is a small, compressed, laterally-winged nutlet produced in 1.5-inch-long catkins
Birch leaf.jpg (17020 bytes) Birch leaves

Birch Tree

Betula Pendula

The family is widely distributed in temperate and arctic regions of the northern hemisphere, reaching the southern hemisphere only in South America. The family contains 6 genera and about 150 species.

Birch trees of the family's representative genus produce close-grained wood of uniform texture that is used in furniture, flooring, plywood, and veneers. Birch beer, once popular, is derived from the sap. The bark of paper birch was used by Native Americans to build canoes. Oil of wintergreen, once derived from the bark of sweet birch, is now manufactured synthetically.

They are short lived and after death are replaced by other species. The pale wood is used mainly for charcoal and plywood. An oil extracted from the trees is used in tanning Russian leather. The bark often peels off in long, pale strips, and that of the paper birch, was used in the construction of canoes, tents, and huts by North American Indians.



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